Oakley sues Indianapolis Indoor Baseball Training Facility over Sale of Counterfeit Sunglasses


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The defendants in this counterfeiting lawsuit operate an indoor baseball and softball training facility in Indianapolis. The plaintiff, Oakley, has accused the defendants of selling counterfeit sunglasses. The plaintiff’s investigators purchased counterfeit sunglasses from the defendants at the Edinburgh Sports Complex (i.e. a place where baseball is played) and at the defendant’s retail location in Indianapolis.

Oakley seeks an injunction, statutory damages, attorney fees’ and costs. Oakley is probably equally interested in obtaining information about the source of the counterfeit goods, possibly somewhere overseas.

Stay tuned for updates.

Oakley, Inc. v. Batter’s Box Training, LLC et al

Court Case Number: 1:22-cv-01596-RLY-MJD
File Date: August 11, 2022
Plaintiff: Oakley, Inc.
Plaintiff Counsel: Zachary D. Prendergast of Robbins, Kelly, Patterson & Tucker, LPA
Defendants: Batter’s Box Training, LLC, Shawn Lessor, Brandi Pierson
Cause: Federal Trademark Infringement
Court: Southern District of Indiana
Judge: Richard L. Young
Referred To: Mark J. Dinsmore


AV Intern sues Kilroy’s Sports for Non-Payment of Wages, Copyright Infringement


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A popular college bar in Bloomington, Indiana is accused of non-payment of $12,000 to an intern who had been creating content for their social media accounts. The Complaint (below) details several months of promised, delayed, and ultimately unrealized paychecks.

The Complaint includes claims for declaratory judgment of copyright ownership and copyright infringement, but I assume that the intern is less interested in ownership of the bar’s social media content and more interested in getting paid for months of labor. The specific works alleged to have been infringed are not identified in the Complaint and there is no mention of registration of any works, a prerequisite for a copyright infringement claim, so the copyright claims could be vulnerable to challenge. As jurisdiction for the lawsuit is based on the copyright and declaratory judgment of copyright ownership claims, we might see an early battle over jurisdiction.

Ideally, the intern will just get paid what he is owed before lawyers for both sides get deep into researching and drafting motions. Stay tuned for updates.

Schwartz v. Kilroy’s North America, LLC et al

Case Number: 1:22-cv-01563-SEB-DML
File Date: August 5, 2022
Plaintiff: Elijah Schwartz
Plaintiff Counsel: Kimberly D. Jeselskis, B.J. Brinkerhoff, Hannah Kaufman Joseph of Jeselskis Kaufman and Joseph, LLC
Defendant: Kilroy’s North America, LLC, Kilroy’s Sports, LLC, Kilroy’s on Kirkwood, LLC
Cause: Violation of the Wage Payment Act, Breach of Contract, Promissory Estoppel, Unjust Enrichment, Fraud, Declaratory Judgment of Copyright Ownership, Copyright Infringement
Court: Southern District of Indiana
Judge: Sarah Evans Barker
Referred To: Debra McVicker Lynch


BMI sues Rockville Bar for Copyright Infringement


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BMI has found another target in Indiana. This time it’s the Thirty Six Saloon, a relaxed roadhouse alongside US-36 in Rockville, Indiana, home of the Parke County Covered Bridge Festival.

BMI allegedly reached out to the Defendants over thirty-five (35) times since April 2019 in an attempt to sell them the required public performance license to play music in the roadhouse. With no apparent satisfactory response, BMI now brings a lawsuit with 4 claims of copyright infringement based on the following playlist being performed at Thirty Six Saloon without a license on November 27, 2019 (the night before Thanksgiving):

Stay tuned for updates.

Broadcast Music, Inc. et al. v. Thirty-Six Saloon, LLC d/b/a Thirty Six Saloon Et al.

Case Number: 2:22-cv-00305-JRS-MJD
File Date: July 27, 2022
Plaintiff: Broadcast Music, Inc.; Cotillion Music, Inc.; Terry Stafford Music Co.; House of Cash, Inc.; Sony/ATV Songs LLC d/b/a Sony/ATV Tree Publishing; Round Hill Music LP d/b/a Round Hill Works; Tokeco Tunes; EMI Blackwood Music Inc.; Warner-Tamerlane Publishing Corp.; Lucky Thumb Music; Noah’s Little Boat Music; Sea Gayle Music LLC d/b/a New Songs of Sea Gayle; Eldorotto Music Publishing; Big Gassed Hitties; Spirit Music Group Inc. d/b/a Spirit of Nashville One
Plaintiff Counsel: April A. Wimberg of Dentons Bingham Greenebaum
Defendant: Thirty-Six Saloon, LLC d/b/a Thirty Six Saloon; Mark Vanderheyden
Cause: Copyright Infringement
Court: Southern District of Indiana
Judge: James R. Sweeney II
Referred To: Mark J. Dinsmore


Mid-July 2022 Indiana Intellectual Property Litigation Update

Summer is here! There’s a big new trademark/design patent lawsuit between shoe giants PUMA and Brooks and few older lawsuits have finally settled. Based on ambiguities in the sales information provided by Omi in a Hellcat in his Motion to Dismiss, he now faces additional jurisdictional discovery from his plaintiff.

What lawsuits are you following?

Noble Roman’s, Inc. v. Gateway Triangle Corp. et al. (SD, filed 2/5/2021) – The lawsuit was dismissed with prejudice on July 11, 2022.

Egglife Foods, Inc. v. Crepini, LLC (ND, filed 5/28/2021) – The lawsuit was dismissed with prejudice on July 1, 2022.

Sears Authorized Hometown Stores, LLC v. Lynn Retail, Inc. et al. (SD, filed 6/4/2021) – The Defendants filed Motion for Summary Judgment on June 30, 2022.

Noble Roman’s, Inc. v. AMI Stores Management, Inc. et al. (SD, filed 6/6/2021) – No update this month.

AWGI, LLC et al. v. CLD Trucking Co. d/b/a Atlas Moving Systems AMS (SD, filed 7/22/2021) – No update this month.  

RE/MAX, LLC et al. v. Dulin et al. (SD, filed 8/24/2021) – No update this month.

Forest River, Inc. v. inTech Trailers, Inc. (ND, filed 8/31/2021) – A Scheduling Conference is scheduled on September 2, 2022.

Thomas v. ooShirts, Inc. et al. (SD, filed 9/24/2021) – The parties did not meet the Court’s July 1, 2022 deadline to file dismissal documents and have requested until July 28, 2022 to further negotiate settlement terms.

Edutainment Live, LLC v. Video Game Palooza et al. (SD, filed 10/11/2021) – The parties held a Settlement Conference with the Court on June 30, 2022, but concluded without settlement. No other updates.

Innovative Sports Management Inc. v. La Jalisco LLP (SD, filed 12/15/2021) – A Clerk’s Entry of Default was issued on June 28, 2022.

Gabet et al. v. Amazon.com. Inc. et al. (ND, filed 1/20/2022) – On June 15, 2022, Amazon filed a Reply to the Motion to Transfer Case. No other updates.

Reid v. Stephenson (SD, filed 1/27/2022) – On July 5, the Court issued an Order to Show Cause and the Plaintiff filed its Response to Order to Show Cause on July 14, 2022.

Microsoft Corporation v. Solution Hat, LLC d/b/a Think Global et al. (SD, filed 2/25/2022) – No update this month.

The American Automobile Association, Inc. v. All American Auto Hail Dent Repair LLC d/b/a AAA Hail Repair et al. (SD, filed 3/23/2022) – A Notice of Settlement was filed on June 17, 2022 and a Motion for Entry of Consent Order of Judgment was filed on June 21, 2022.

NuStar Enterprises LLC v. Reloaded Merch LLC et al. (ND, filed 4/1/2022) – On June 16, 2022, the Plaintiff filed a Motion for Leave to Conduct Jurisdictional Discovery, which was granted on June 17, 2022. The Defendants must respond to the jurisdictional discovery requests by July 29, 2022. The Plaintiff’s Response to the Defendants’ Motion to Dismiss is due 21 days after receiving the jurisdictional discovery responses.

Mapes v. Top Tier Marketers LLC d/b/a Artfily et al. (SD, filed 4/4/2022) – No update this month.

The Evolutionary Level Above Human, Inc. v. Havel et al (ND, filed 5/18/2022) – The Defendants have been granted until July 25, 2022 to file an Answer.

Lafayette Venetian Blind, Inc. v. Coulisse Distribution LLC et al. (ND, filed 6/29/2022) – No update yet.

PUMA SE et al. v. Brooks Sports, Inc. (SD, filed 7/8/2022) – No update yet.

June 2022 Updates

May 2022 UpdatesApril 2022 UpdatesMarch 2022 Updates

February 2022 UpdatesJanuary 2022 UpdatesDecember 2021 Updates

Puma sues Brooks in Indiana for Trademark Infringement, Design Patent Infringement


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Shoe giants Puma and Brooks are involved in a lawsuit in Indiana over loosely-related trademark and patent design infringement claims.

PUMA began using the NITRO trademark in connection with running shoes in March 2021. Per the Complaint (below), PUMA’s line of NITRO running shoes were apparently a Top 15-selling running shoe brand in the U.S. in the year 2021.

In November 2021, PUMA noticed Brooks’ using the term “Nitro” in advertisements for a line of shoes with nitrogen-infused midsoles. In December 2021, PUMA’s counsel sent a letter describing their “exclusive rights” in the NITRO trademark. The subsequent 7 months apparently saw Brooks reject a settlement offer and offer no counterproposal, resulting in this lawsuit. Puma has a pending trademark application for NITRO filed in December 2021 that is still awaiting initial examination.

I question whether Brooks is really even using “Nitro” as a trademark. It seems they are just using a commonly-used shorthand for nitrogen, the common element infused in the shoe’s midsole. A possible resolution, should Brooks deem it necessary or the fight not worthwhile, would be to simply change their advertising from “Nitro” to “Nitrogen.”

The lawsuit is probably equally about PUMA’s claim for design patent infringement, a common dispute between shoe companies. Design patent claims highlight the constant “fine line” walked by consumer shoe designers to exploit a hot, current shoe trend but not copy a competitor’s design. The claims are loosely connected because the allegedly infringing shoes include nitrogen-infused midsoles, and thus are part of the Brooks “Nitro” advertising campaign. I’m not a shoe guy, so I don’t really know shoe terminology or what else is out in the market currently, but I can spot some obvious differences between PUMAS’s patent and the Brooks shoe.

Upon a quick review, the PUMA’s patent’s sole seems to be clearly 3 segments, while Brooks is 4 segments. The back of the heel is smooth on the patent while it is multi-ridged, both internally and externally, on the Brooks shoe. The back segment of the sole on the Brooks is much longer, has a protrusion with a rear wedge cut-out and also a circular impression on the side. The toe end is ridged on the Brooks shoe versus smooth on the design. These differences are just based on a quick initial review but I’m sure blog readers and Brooks’ counsel can find a few more. People familiar with current shoe trends might find even more.

Since 1851, the test for design patent infringement has been the “ordinary observer” test, which compares two designs from the viewpoint of an “ordinary observer,” not an expert in the trade, and requires that the resemblance be intended to deceive the observer and sufficient to induce him to purchase one supposing it to be the other. Recent jurisprudence in the Federal Circuit has seemingly evolved (or devolved, depending on your viewpoint) the test into what has been deemed an “extra-ordinary observer” test, in which the differences between the accused design and the patented design should be reviewed from the viewpoint of someone familiar with the prior art. As I mentioned above, I’m not familiar with the current women’s running shoe market so I could be a qualified “ordinary observer” but probably would not meet the higher standard. Which of the two standards should apply in the Southern District of Indiana in 2022 will likely be a primary focus of the lawsuit as it could be determinative.

If you’re wondering why this lawsuit was filed in Indiana, one explanation is that Brooks has a 400,000 square foot distribution center located in Whitestown, Indiana. PUMA didn’t specifically request seizure or destruction of Brooks’ existing inventory, but perhaps it is on their mind. Another consideration, as mentioned above, is finding a good venue to apply the lower “ordinary observer” standard.

Based on the size of the parties and the previously failed settlement negotiations, we can probably expect some fireworks in this lawsuit. Stay tuned for updates.

PUMA SE at al v. Brooks Sports, Inc.

Case Number: 1-22-cv-01362-RLY-MPB
File Date: July 8, 2022
Plaintiff: PUMA SE, PUMA North America Inc.
Plaintiff Counsel: Joel E. Tragesser, Michael T. Piery, James J. Aquilina of Quarles & Brady LLP
Defendant: Brooks Sports, Inc.
Cause: Trademark Infringement, Design Patent Infringement, Common Law Trademark Infringement, Common Law Unfair Competition
Court: Southern District of Indiana
Judge: Richard L. Young
Referred To: Matthew P. Brookman